BMW X5 Owners & Service Manuals

BMW X5: Steering Arms, Tie Rod

REPLACING LEFT OR RIGHT TIE ROD

Special tools required:

NOTE: If the tie rod end to tie rod screw/bolt connection is released, it is necessary after reinstallation to carry out a wheel/chassis alignment check.

Necessary preliminary tasks:

IMPORTANT: Do not release tie rod end from swivel bearing with impact tool.

Make sure special tool rests correctly on steel bushing of swivel bearing. The swivel bearing must be removed if the steel bushing moves.

Rubber gaiter of tie rod end must not be damaged! Do not pull stainless steel ring off journal.

Slacken nut (1) two to three thread turns.

If necessary, replace lower section 31 2 242 with lower section 31 2 246.

Press tie rod end (2) with special tool 31 2 240 off swivel bearing.

Unscrew nut (1) and remove tie rod end (2) from swivel bearing.

Installation:

Keep tie rod end to swivel bearing connection clean and free from oil and grease.

Replace self-locking nut.

Tightening torque 32 21 3AZ.

Steering Arms, Tie Rod
Fig. 42: Identifying Tie Rod End, Nut And Special Tool (31 2 240)

Determine measurement (A) to simplify following adjustment of front axle.

Slacken nut.

Unscrew tie rod end from tie rod.

Installation:

Check gaiter for damage, replace if necessary.

Refit clamping ring (1).

Screw in tie rod end to measurement (A).

Tightening torque 32 21 2AZ.

Steering Arms, Tie Rod
Fig. 43: Identifying Length Between Front Axle And Slacken Nut

After installation:

REPLACING LEFT OR RIGHT TIE ROD

Special tools required:

Necessary preliminary tasks:

IMPORTANT: To avoid damage to rack and to suspension mounting, move rack in as far as possible.

Unscrew tie rod with special tool 32 3 160 from rack of power steering gear and remove.

Installation:

Clean rack and check surface for damage (e.g. by corrosion).

Grease rack.

Tightening torque 32 21 1AZ.

Steering Arms, Tie Rod
Fig. 44: Identifying Special Tool (32 2 160)

Assembling new component with gaiter:

Slacken clamping nut (2).

Screw off tie rod end; if necessary, grip tie rod with open-end wrench.

Remove clamping ring (1) and screw off clamping nut (2).

Slide gaiter (4) and band clamp (3) onto tie rod.

Screw clamping nut (2) onto tie rod.

Slide clamping ring (1) onto tie rod.

Determine measurement (A) on old part to simplify following adjustment of front axle.

Screw tie rod end onto tie rod to measurement (A).

Tighten down clamping nut (2).

Tightening torque 32 21 2AZ.

Steering Arms, Tie Rod
Fig. 45: Identifying Clamping Nut, Ring, Gaiter And Band Clamp

After installation:

INSTRUCTIONS FOR REMOVING AND INSTALLING EAR CLIPS

Special tools required:

NOTE: The work steps are show on assorted components.

Ear clip must always be replaced.

To remove an ear clip, place special tool 32 1 260 at right angles to ear and cut ear open.

Steering Arms, Tie Rod
Fig. 46: Identifying Special Tool (32 2 160)

The ear clip can be fitted not only axially but also radially after the hook fastener has been opened.

Steering Arms, Tie Rod
Fig. 47: Identifying Ear Clip

Attach hook fastener and press ear together with special tool 32 1 260.

Steering Arms, Tie Rod
Fig. 48: Identifying Special Tool (32 2 160)

Side cutter of special tool 32 1 260 can be used in areas which are difficult to access.

Steering Arms, Tie Rod
Fig. 49: Identifying Special Tool (32 2 160)

IMPORTANT: Gap (A) max. 1 mm!

Steering Arms, Tie Rod
Fig. 50: Identifying Ear Clip Gap

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