BMW X5 Owners & Service Manuals

BMW X5: Removing And Installing/Replacing Inlet And Exhaust Adjustment Units On Left Side (N62/N62TU)

BMW X5 (G05) 2019-2024 Service & Repair Manual / Engine / Engine (N62TU V8) / Variable Camshaft Timing / Removing And Installing/Replacing Inlet And Exhaust Adjustment Units On Left Side (N62/N62TU)

Special tools required:

(cylinder bank 5 to 8)

Necessary preliminary tasks:

Removal:

Removal of inlet and exhaust adjustment units is described separately from installation.

IMPORTANT: Screw (1) is a special screw and must not be replaced with a normal M8 screw.

Release screw (1).

Unclip oil line (3) from retainers (2) and remove.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 541: Identifying Retainer And Screw

Crank engine at central bolt in direction of rotation to firing TDC position of 1st cylinder.

NOTE: With 1st cylinder in firing TDC position, cams of inlet and exhaust camshafts at 5th cylinder point upwards at an angle as shown in graphic.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 542: Locating Cam Lobe Position

NOTE: Alignment hole for TDC position is at front on timing case cover.

Crank engine at central bolt and secure vibration damper with special tool 11 9 190 in firing TDC position of 1st cylinder.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 543: Identifying Special Tool (11 9 190)

IMPORTANT: When the engine is shut down, the inlet and exhaust adjustment unit is normally locked in its initial position.

The situation may arise in some individual cases where this initial position is not reached and the camshaft can continue to be rotated in the adjustment range of the adjustment unit.

In order to avoid incorrect timing adjustment, it is essential to check the locking of the adjustment unit and if necessary perform locking by rotating the camshafts.

Checking locking of inlet adjustment unit in initial position: Engage hexagon head of inlet camshaft and attempt to rotate inlet camshaft carefully against direction of rotation.

If there is no fixed connection between inlet camshaft and inlet adjustment unit, rotate inlet camshaft against direction of rotation as far as it will go.

The inlet adjustment unit is locked in the initial position when the inlet camshaft is non-positively connected to the inlet adjustment unit.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 544: Rotating Inlet Camshaft

Checking locking of exhaust adjustment unit in initial position: Engage hexagon head of exhaust camshaft and attempt to rotate exhaust camshaft carefully in direction of rotation.

If there is no fixed connection between exhaust camshaft and exhaust adjustment unit, rotate exhaust camshaft in direction of rotation as far as it will go.

The exhaust adjustment unit is locked in the initial position when the exhaust camshaft is non-positively connected to the exhaust adjustment unit.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 545: Rotating Exhaust Camshaft

IMPORTANT: If the inlet or exhaust adjustment unit of the camshafts "cannot" be locked as described, the adjustment unit is faulty and must be replaced.

Remove special tool 11 9 190.

Crank engine at central bolt against direction of rotation to 45º before TDC position.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 546: Identifying Crank Shaft Rotation Angle

NOTE: When slackening screws, grip camshafts at hexagon head.

Slacken screws of exhaust and inlet adjustment unit.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 547: Locating Slacken Screws Of Exhaust And Inlet Adjustment Unit

Remove screw on exhaust adjustment unit.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 548: Locating Screw On Exhaust Adjustment Unit

Vigorously press back tensioner rail (3) several times to remove oil in chain tensioner.

Feed out exhaust adjustment unit (2).

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 549: Pressing Back Tensioner Rail

Remove screw on inlet adjustment unit.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 550: Locating Screw On Inlet Adjustment Unit

Feed out inlet adjustment unit (1).

Secure timing chain to prevent it from sliding down.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 551: Identifying Inlet Adjustment Unit

Installation:

Installation of inlet and exhaust adjustment units is described separately from removal.

IMPORTANT: Danger of mix-up:

Inlet and exhaust adjustment units are different.

Mixing up the inlet and exhaust adjustment units will cause damage to the engine.

  1. Inlet adjustment unit (1) is marked with EIN and IN.
  2. Exhaust adjustment unit (2) is marked with AUS and EX.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 552: Identifying Inlet And Exhaust Adjustment Unit

NOTE: Position of inlet adjustment unit (1) to timing chain can be freely selected.

Pull timing chain up.

Feed inlet adjustment unit (1) into timing chain and fit onto inlet camshaft.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 553: Identifying Inlet Adjustment Unit

Replace screw.

Install screw on inlet adjustment unit.

Tighten screw without play and then slacken off again by half a turn.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 554: Locating Screw On Inlet Adjustment Unit

NOTE: Position of exhaust adjustment unit (2) to timing chain can be freely selected.

Pull timing chain up.

Feed exhaust adjustment unit (2) into timing chain.

Press tensioner rail (3) back and fit exhaust adjustment unit (2) onto exhaust camshaft.

NOTE: If tensioner rail (3) cannot be pressed back far enough to enable fitting of exhaust adjustment unit (2):

Remove chain tensioner.

Place chain tensioner on a level surface and compress slowly and carefully.

Repeat this procedure twice.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 555: Pressing Back Tensioner Rail

Installation:

Replace sealing ring.

Install chain tensioner and tighten down.

Tightening torque 11 31 8AZ.

Fit exhaust adjustment unit (2).

Replace screw.

Install screw on exhaust adjustment unit.

Tighten screw without play and then slacken off again by half a turn.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 556: Locating Screw On Exhaust Adjustment Unit

Get special tool kit 11 9 460 ready for securing camshafts.

NOTE:

Special tool 11 9 461 for securing inlet camshaft.

Special tool 11 9 462 for securing exhaust camshaft.

Special tool 11 9 463 (holder with screw).

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 557: Identifying Special Tool (11 9 461), (11 9 462) And (11 9 463)

Place special tool 11 9 461 on inlet camshaft and align inlet camshaft so that special tool 11 9 461 rests without a gap on cylinder head.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 558: Identifying Special Tool (11 9 461)

Fit special tool 11 9 463, secure screw (1) in thread for oil line and tighten down by hand.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 559: Identifying Special Tool (11 9 461) And (11 9 463)

IMPORTANT: Make sure screws of inlet and exhaust adjustment units have been slackened off by a half turn.

Crank engine at central bolt from 45º before TDC position in direction of rotation to firing TDC position.

Secure vibration damper with special tool 11 9 190 in firing TDC position of 1st cylinder.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 560: Identifying Special Tool (11 9 190)

NOTE: When tightening down screw (1), grip camshaft at hexagon head.

Tighten down screw (1) of inlet adjustment unit.

Tightening torque 11 36 16AZ.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 561: Identifying Special Tool (11 9 461)

Release screw (1) and remove special tools 11 9 463 /11 9 461 from inlet camshaft.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 562: Identifying Special Tool (11 9 461) And (11 9 463)

Place special tool 11 9 462 on exhaust camshaft and align exhaust camshaft so that special tool 11 9 462 rests without a gap on cylinder head.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 563: Identifying Special Tool (11 9 462)

Fit special tool 11 9 463 , secure screw (1) in thread for oil line and tighten down by hand.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 564: Identifying Special Tool (11 9 462) And (11 9 463)

NOTE: When tightening down screw (2), grip camshaft at hexagon head.

Tighten down screw (2) of exhaust adjustment unit.

Tightening torque 11 36 16AZ.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 565: Identifying Special Tool (11 9 462)

Release screw (1) and remove special tools 11 9 463 /11 9 462 from exhaust camshaft.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 566: Identifying Special Tool (11 9 462) And (11 9 463)

Remove special tool 11 9 190.

Crank engine at central bolt twice in direction of rotation until engine returns to firing TDC position of 1st cylinder.

Secure vibration damper with special tool 11 9 190 in firing TDC position of 1st cylinder.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 567: Identifying Special Tool (11 9 190)

Place special tool 11 9 461 on inlet camshaft and check timing.

NOTE: The timing is correctly adjusted when special tool 11 9 461 rests flat on the cylinder head or protrudes by up to 0.5 mm to the exhaust side.

Remove special tool 11 9 461 from inlet camshaft.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 568: Identifying Special Tool (11 9 461)

Place special tool 11 9 462 on exhaust camshaft and check timing.

NOTE: The timing is correctly adjusted when special tool 11 9 462 rests flat on the cylinder head or protrudes by up to 0.5 mm to the exhaust side.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 569: Identifying Special Tool (11 9 462)

Remove all special tools.

IMPORTANT: Screw (1) is a special screw and must not be replaced with a normal M8 screw.

Clip oil line (3) into retainers (2).

Insert screw (1) and tighten down.

Assemble engine.

Variable Camshaft Timing
Fig. 570: Identifying Retainer And Screw

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