BMW X5 Owners & Service Manuals

BMW X5: Fuel System - E32 With M60

Engine Diagnosis
Fig. 16: Identifying Fuel System - E32 With M60 Components

If any of these items are leaking and fail to hold pressure in the fuel rail, the vehicle will be difficult to start.

The cranking time will be excessive and possibly not start at all. For example, If the fuel injectors are leaking, the vehicle will exhibit black smoke on startup.

Diagnosis of these concerns requires a fuel pressure gauge. The residual pressure is monitored on the fuel pressure gauge when the engine is shutoff. Diagnosis is determined by watching the drop in fuel pressure over time. The fuel pressure should not drop more than.5 bar in 30 minutes. If the pressure drops more than.5 bar, the concern should be investigated.

Fuel System - E39/E46 with M54

Engine Diagnosis
Fig. 17: Identifying Fuel System - E39/E46 With M54 System Diagram

Depending on the type of fuel system used, diagnosis will vary. On older fuel systems, diagnosis is simplified due to the ability to clamp off certain components to determine, the origin of the leakdown.

Fuel System - E60

Engine Diagnosis
Fig. 18: Identifying Fuel System - E60 Components

Newer fuel system use a non-return type fuel system with some components mounted externally. Most recently, many of the new vehicle have most of the fuel system components mounted in the fuel tank. This includes the fuel pump, fuel filter and fuel pressure regulator. The only fuel system component outside the fuel tank is the fuel feed line, fuel rail and fuel injectors.

This makes the diagnosis of residual pressure concerns more difficult. Diagnosis of this type of system sometimes requires process of elimination.

If one or more of the fuel injectors is suspected as the cause of the loss in residual fuel pressure. They can be tested using a special tool to "bubble test" the injectors.

Engine Diagnosis
Fig. 19: Testing Bubbles In Injectors Using Special Tool

First the injectors are connected to the test fuel rail supplied with the tool. Then, the fuel injectors are subjected to compressed air. The injectors are then triggered by the test harness to "blow out" any residual fuel.

The test harness is disconnected and the tips of the injectors are immersed in water. The injector tips are observed for any bubbles over time. Any excessive bubbles indicate a defective injector.


 Engine Adaptation Values

Engine adaptation values can be broken down into two categories: Additive Mixture Adaptation - additive adaptation refers to "long term fuel trim". These adaptation are made by the ECM (DME) at i

 Smooth Running Measurement

The DISplus/GT-1 are helpful in pinpointing the cause of an engine misfire. Once the short test is completed, the fault memory of the ECM can be read out to determine which cylinder or cylinders hav

 Engine Electrical System


 Overview Of Spring Support Repair Elements

SPRING SUPPORT SPECIFICATION Carry out thread repair with Heli-coil thread insert. Read and comply with tool manufacturer's instructions. Fig. 85: Identifying Spring Support STAMPING VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER Special tools required: 41 0 000 41 1 190 41 1 191 41 1 192 NOTE: If the stamp

 Cylinder Head Cover

As stated before, the cylinder head cover used on all of the new NG6 engines is made from plastic. However, the design differs between the engines due to engine equipment. For example, the N54 engine does not use Valvetronic and therefore does not need the accommodation for the VVT motor. Also,

© 2019-2024 Copyright