BMW X5 Owners & Service Manuals

BMW X5: Ignition Coil


Troubleshooting -> Fault in fuel injection system

-> Spark plug faults

-> Ignition coil faults

-> Further fault patterns with evaluation

-> Additional fault notes for troubleshooting.

Oscillograms -> Normal oscillogram

-> Oscillograms of ignition coils from different manufacturers

Check -> Secondary signal for stationary ignition distribution

CHECKING ROD-TYPE IGNITION COILS (M54, M56, N40, N42, N43, N45, N46, N52, N62, N62TU, N73)

Special tools required:

Necessary preliminary tasks:

Open control unit box

Unlock plug fastener (1) of ignition coil.

Ignition Coil
Fig. 2: Unlocking Plug Fastener Of Ignition Coil

Detach plug (1) in direction of arrow.

Pull out ignition coil (2) towards top.

NOTE: Procedure applies to all rod-type ignition coils.

Ignition Coil
Fig. 3: Pulling Out Ignition Coil

Install special tool 12 7 050.


Special tool 12 7 050 is attached between spark plug and rod - type ignition coil.

Ignition Coil
Fig. 4: Identifying Special Tool

Secondary measurement:

Connect KV clip-on probe (1) of DIS Tester to special tool 12 7 050. See 12 7 050 ADAPTER LEAD Procedure on DIS Tester:

Ignition Coil
Fig. 5: Identifying KV Clip-On Probe Of DIS Tester

For subsequent procedure, follow DIS instructions.

NOTE: Illustration shows: KV clip-on probe (1) US version

Primary measurement:

Connect 26-pin pin box with special tool 12 1 301 to connector (1) DME module 5.

Procedure on DIS Tester:

For subsequent procedure, follow DIS instructions.

Ignition Coil
Fig. 6: Identifying Connector DME Module 5

NOTE: Pin assignment acc. to connection scheme.

Illustration N42.

IMPORTANT: Ignition signal is a multiple spark ignition.

Illustration of multiple spark ignition

  1. Start of ignition peak.
  2. Level of ignition voltage.
  3. Level of sparking voltage.
  4. Spark duration.
  5. Sparking voltage curve.
  6. Start of decay process.
  7. Decay process.

Ignition Coil
Fig. 7: Identifying Multiple Spark Ignition Signal

M54 / M56 / N40 / N42 / N45 / N46 / N62 / N73:

The following ignition oscillogram applies to engines with multiple spark ignition from a production date of April 2001:

Depending on engine temperature (approx. -20 º to 100º) and engine speed (< 2000 RPM, some ignition voltage peaks (approx. 1-5 ignition peaks) can occur before the typical ignition voltage characteristic.

The additional ignition peaks play no role in diagnosis.

The last ignition peak (1) on the oscillogram is decisive.

Ignition Coil
Fig. 8: Ignition Peak Oscillogram Graph

NOTE: The display of the ignition voltage peak is approx. 20-25 % lower than the real value.

It is not the height of the ignition voltage peaks but rather the uniformity of all the cylinders that is important.

Differences of 3000 to 4000 volts are permitted.


Necessary preliminary tasks:

Unlock plug retainer of ignition coil (1) and disconnect plug.

Pull ignition coil (1) up and out.

This procedure is applicable to all ignition coils.


Check that rubber seal of ignition coil (1) is correctly seated.

Ignition Coil
Fig. 9: Locating Ignition Coil Covers Screws And Holder


Push plug (1) with plug retainer (2) open onto ignition coil.

Carefully close plug retainer (2) in direction of arrow.

Ignition Coil
Fig. 10: Unlocking Plug Fastener Of Ignition Coil


The plug retainer must snap into place without great effort.

Ignition Coil
Fig. 11: Pulling Out Ignition Coil

Ignition Coil
Fig. 12: Identifying Rubber Seal On Ignition Coils Between Guides

Assemble engine.

NOTE: Now clear the fault memory.


 Electronic Switching On Or Control Unit

 Replacing Crankshaft Pulse Generator (N52, N52K, N51, N53)

IMPORTANT: Read and comply with notes on protection against electrostatic damage (ESD protection). IMPORTANT: Aluminum-magnesium materials. No steel screws/bolts may be used due to the threat of ele

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IMPORTANT: Read and comply with notes on protection against electrostatic damage (ESD protection). Necessary preliminary tasks: Read out fault memory of DME control unit; if necessary, work through


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